Por: Fernanda Lucci
A 11 ª edição do Relatório Global de Tecnologia da Informação 2012: Vivendo em um mundo hiperconectado foi divulgado pelo Fórum Econômico Mundial. O relatório deste ano apresenta um enfoque especial sobre os impactos de transformação das TIC na economia e na sociedade.
With a record coverage of 142 economies worldwide, the report remains probably the most comprehensive and authoritative international assessment of the impact of ICT on competitiveness and the well-being of nations. According to the report, despite efforts over the past decade to develop information and communications technologies (ICT) infrastructure in developing economies, a new digital divide in terms of ICT impacts persists.
The top countries for ICT readiness in leveraging information and communications technologies to boost country competitiveness are (2011 rankings in parenthesis):
1. Sweden (1)
2. Singapore (2)
3. Finland (3)
4. Denmark (7)
5. Switzerland (4)
6. the Netherlands (11)
7. Norway (9)
8. United States (5)
9. Canada (8)
10. United Kingdom (15)
Despite improvements in many drivers of competitiveness, the BRICS countries – led by China (51st) – still face important challenges to more fully adopt and leverage ICT. An insufficient skills base and institutional weaknesses, especially in the business environment, present a number of shortcomings that stifle entrepreneurship and innovation.
ICT readiness in sub-Saharan Africa is still low, with most countries showing significant lags in connectivity due to insufficient development of ICT infrastructure, which remains too costly, and displaying poor skill levels that do not allow for an efficient use of the available technology. Even in those countries where ICT infrastructure has been improved, ICT-driven impacts on competitiveness and well-being trail behind, resulting in a new digital divide.
After a two-year review process, the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) featured in the report has evolved to ensure that it captures the main drivers of a rapidly changing ICT industry and remains relevant for public- and private-sector decision-makers. The NRI has increased its focus on the impacts of ICT to better align with areas of public policy. It has added new, relevant indicators such as mobile broadband subscriptions, and dropped other outdated indicators.
The Networked Readiness Index uses a combination of data from publicly available sources and the results of the Executive Opinion Survey, a comprehensive annual survey conducted by the Forum in collaboration with partner institutes, a network of over 150 leading research institutes and business organizations. This survey of over 15,000 executives provides insight into areas critical for networked readiness.
“The Networked Readiness Index (NRI) has been adopted by several governments as a valuable tool for assessing and leveraging technology for competitiveness and development. The success of the NRI emphasizes the importance of continuing to evolve its framework with the changing landscape of technology and the new opportunities it creates,” says Soumitra Dutta, Roland Berger Professor of Business and Technology at INSEAD, a co-editor of the report. “To measure this impact effectively, we have introduced a new set of impact-oriented metrics this year that assess not just the availability of technology, but also the ways in which economies put that technology to greater use. Considering how ICT has become omnipresent, the focus has moved from access to making the best use of ICT in order to improve business innovation, governance, citizens’ political participation and social cohesion.”
Under the theme Living in a Hyperconnected World, the report explores the causes and consequences of living in an environment where the Internet is accessible and immediate; people and businesses can communicate instantly; and machines are interconnected. The exponential growth of mobile devices, big data and social media is a driver of this process of hyperconnectivity and, consequently, fundamental transformations in all areas of society are being witnessed. This year’s report tracks how societies leverage ICT to derive important competitive advantages and increase social well-being.
Por Vítor Alberto Klein
Um importante e completíssimo relatório de 415 páginas elaborado pelo World Economic Forum e pelo INSEAD.
Impressionante como os países nórdicos, juntamente com Holanda e Suiça, bem como Cingapura / Singapura (cidade-estado insular, quem diria – 2º lugar) dominam o ranking.